Our favourite woods for burning are hornbeam and sweet chestnut - they burn well and give out good heat. Sweet chestnut can spit, although we do have a log burner, so that's not such a problem. (Conifer, which is one of the woods easily available to us, also tends to spit - and it can soot up the chimney).
The following woods we use take a year to season (dry out) properly before they burn well:
Ash (This wood can actually be burned almost from felling, but it's better seasoned)
We also burn oak, but this takes a lot longer to season (up to two years). We don't, by choice, use eucalyptus - because the grain is very twisted, it's difficult to split into logs.
We store our logs under cover in a small barn (where we also store our straw and hay). We divide the log piles into two; the first (and oldest) pile is for this winter, and the second is for next winter (2013/14). The logs are raised off the ground (on pallets) and stacked so air can circulate freely around them. Mouldy logs will not burn well!
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